Home The News First Aid for Muscle Cramps

PostHeaderIcon First Aid for Muscle Cramps

Rehab One, Ltd. Newsletter

BMH Sports Medicine Center

Boone Memorial Hospital

(304) 369-5719


Muscle Cramps

Muscle cramps can occur any time – during exertion or at rest. Sometimes they’re caused by certain medications or dehydrations.

  • Have the victim stretch out the affected muscle to counteract the cramp.
  • Massage the cramped muscle firmly but gently.
  • Apply heat. (Use a heating pad or a hot water bottle wrapped in cloth.) Moist heat is more effective than dry heat.  Do Not  apply direct heat to the skin.
  • Get medical help if cramps persist.

  Muscle Strains

  • Muscle strains are commonly known as pulled muscles.
  • Apply cold compresses at once. Reapply them for 20 minutes every 3 to 4 hours for the first 24 hours. (Do Not apply ice directly to the skin.)
  • If the strained muscle is in an arm or leg, elevate the limb to reduce swelling & bleeding within the muscle.  Rest the pulled muscle for 24 hours.
  • Get medical help if the victim is in great pain or if a body part is not working properly.